Eliminate Racial Disproportionality and Advance Racial Equity

  • Equity in Kindergarten Readiness

    Although the statewide rate of kindergarten readiness has improved by 6.3 percentage points over the past five years (as measured by the Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills assessment), this change has not benefitted all racial/ethnic groups equally. The readiness rates for American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander children remain below the rates for children from other groups and have slightly decreased (by 0.6 and 0.8 percentage points respectively). Readiness rates for Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino children have somewhat increased (by 2.9 and 3.3 percentage points respectively) but Asian and White children continue to have the highest rates of kindergarten readiness and those rates have increased faster than have the rates for other groups (by 11.5 and 7 percentage points respectively). DCYF has a goal to reach 90% kindergarten readiness for all children, and equity in kindergarten readiness is an outcome indicator for our strategic priority to eliminate racial disproportionality and advance racial equity.

    Kindergarten Readiness, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-2020
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  • Disproportionality in Child Welfare

    Child welfare disproportionality is another outcome indicator for our strategic priority to eliminate racial disproportionality and advance racial equity. DCYF tracks disproportionality in Child Welfare across multiple decision points, using a Disproportionality Index (DI). Scores of 0 – 0.99 indicate that, compared to White children and youth, a group is underrepresented at that decision point, while scores of 1.1 and greater indicate that a group is overrepresented. Black/African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Multiracial children and youth are overrepresented compared to White children and youth.

    The vast majority of these disproportionalities in placement (81% for American Indian/Alaska Native and 90% for Black/African American children and youth) are attributable to disproportionalities at intake.

    Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality Index for All Child Welfare Intakes (Screened Out or Screened-In), 2012-2018
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    Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality Index for Screened-In Child Welfare Intakes, 2012-2018
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    Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality Index for Child Welfare Removals, 2012-2017
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  • Equity in Juvenile Rehabilitation Services

    Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is the primary residential treatment for youth and young adults in Washington’s Juvenile Rehabilitation (JR) facilities. Two integral components of DBT are individual counseling sessions and skills groups. JR’s standard is for residents to attend 4 of each per month. Equitable access to appropriate treatment is a driver of equitable outcomes. Overall, in SFY 2021, eligible clients accessed an average of 2.27 individual sessions and 2.37 skills groups each month. White and Hispanic youth and young adults received somewhat more DBT treatment, on average, than clients who are Black/African American or American Indian/Alaska Native.

    Average Number of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Individual Sessions and Skills Groups Attended per Month by Juvenile Rehabilitation Facilities Residents, by Race/Ethnicity, SFY 2021
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